تاثیر ورمی‌کمپوست بر واکنش تابعی زنبور پارازیتوئید Aphidius colemani (Hym., Braconidae) نسبت به شته جالیز، Aphis gossypii (Hem., Aphididae)

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل، فارسی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

2 استادیار- دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

3 دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

چکیده

تغییر کیفیت گیاه میزبان از طریق انجام عملیات کشاورزی مانند استفاده از کود ممکن است ویژگی­های رفتاری دشمنان طبیعی را تحت تاثیر قرار دهد. در این تحقیق، تاثیر کوددهی گیاه خیار با نسبت­های مختلف ورمی­کمپوست: خاک (100:0 (شاهد)، 90:10، 80:20 و 70:30 درصد حجمی) روی واکنش تابعی زنبور پارازیتوئید Aphidius colemani Viereck نسبت به شته جالیز، Aphis gossypii Glover مورد مطالعه قرار گرفت. نتایج تجزیه رگرسیون لجستیک نشان داد که واکنش تابعی زنبور پارازیتوئید نسبت به شته­ جالیز در همه تیمارهای مورد بررسی از نوع دوم بود. نسبت‌های مختلف ورمی­کمپوست: خاک تاثیر متفاوتی روی پارامترهای واکنش تابعی زنبور ایجاد کرد. نتایج نشان داد که زنبور A. colemani می­تواند در مدیریت تلفیقی شته جالیز با استفاده از ورمی‌کمپوست مورد استفاده قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of vermicompost on functional response of the parasitoid wasp Aphidius colemani (Hym., Braconidae) to the melon aphid, Aphis gossypii (Hem., Aphididae)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Leila Mottaghinia 1
  • Mahdi Hassanpour 2
  • Jabraeil Razmjou 1
  • Esmaeil Chamani 1
  • Mojtaba Hosseini 3
1 University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
2 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
3 Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
چکیده [English]

Changing of host plant quality via agricultural practices such as application of fertilizer may influence the behavioral traits of natural enemies. In this study, the effect of improving cucumber plants with different vermicompost: soil ratios (0:100 (control), 10:90, 20:80 and 30:70 % by volume) were studied on the functional response of the parasitoid wasp Aphidius colemani Viereck to the melon aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover. The logistic regression analyses revealed that the functional response of the parasitoid wasp to the melon aphid was type II in all treatments. The different vermicompost: soil ratios were differently affected the parameters of the functional response of the wasp. The results suggest that A. colemani can be efficiently used in integrated management programs against the melon aphid using vermicompost.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Parasitoid
  • Organic fertilizer
  • cucumber
  • searching efficiency
  • handling time

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