عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Fourteen accessions and cultivars of Lycopersicon spp. were studied to evaluate their resistance to two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch, under laboratory and greenhouse conditions. In vitro studies were carried out using thumbtack and leaf disk bioassays. Lycopersicon hirsutum and L. pennellii accessions supported more mites on the tack. The highest number of eggs (5.15 Â± 0.48 eggs / â / d) was recorded on L. pimpinellifolium LA2533 and the lowest number (0 egg / â / d) was recorded on L. hirsutum and L. pennellii accessions. The highest mite mortality and lowest damage score occurred on the leaf disks of L. pennellii and L. hirsutum accessions that were strikingly in contrast to our observations on L. esculentum varieties (Nandi and Sankranthi). The developmental time of the mite was longest (8.61 Â± 0.18 days) on leaf disks of L. esculentum NDTVR-73 and shortest (7.18 Â± 0.51 days) on L. pimpinellifolium LA2533. In the greenhouse, the mite was unable to establish on L. hirsutum and L. pennellii accessions. Amongst the rest, Nandi and Sankranthi accessions/cultivars supported the highest, while NDTVR-73 supported the lowest mite population. The highest and lowest density of type VI glandular trichomes were recorded on L. esculentum NDTVR-73 (67.33 Â± 6.34 trichomes/mmÂ²) and L. pennellii LA2963 (0.79 Â± 0.15 trichomes/mmÂ²), respectively. No relation was found between density of type VI trichomes and resistance to the mite. Type IV glandular trichomes were observed only on the foliages of L. hirsutum and L. pennellii. A positive relation exists between the density of type IV glandular trichomes and resistance to the mite.