کارآیی اسانس اسطوخودوس، Lavandula angustifolia، در مرگ‌ومیر و شاخص‌های فیزیولوژیکی شب‌پره پشت‌الماسی، Plutella xylustella (Lep.: Pyralidae)

نویسندگان

1 گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکده علوم کشاورزی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت.

2 گروه حشره‌شناسی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران.

چکیده

کارآیی اسانس گیاه اسطوخودوس، Lavandula angustifolia، روی شب‌پره پشت‌الماسی، Plutella xylustella L.، تحت شرایط کنترل‌شده آزمایشگاهی (2 ± 24 درجه سلسیوس، 5 ± 75 درصد رطوبت و 16 ساعت روشنایی و 8 ساعت تاریکی) مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفت. میزان LC10، LC30 و LC50 برای اسانس به‌ترتیب 0857/0، 270/0 و 599/0 (درصد حجم/حجم) به‌دست آمد. اثر دورکنندگی با غلظت‌های زیر‌کشنده LC10 و LC30 اسطوخودوس روی لارو سن سوم شب‌پره به‌ترتیب 61/3‌ ± 2/19 و 87/4‌ ± 29/34 درصد محاسبه شد. شاخص مصرف، کارایی تبدیل غذای خورده‌شده، کارایی تبدیل غذای هضم‌شده، قابلیت هضم نسبی و نرخ رشد نسبی در لاروهای تیمار‌شده در مدت سه روز بررسی و تفاوت معنی‌داری با شاهد مشاهده شد. همچنین، تأثیر اسانس‌های گیاهی روی میزان آنزیم‌های گوارشی، پروتئین کل، تری‌گلیسیرید، آلکالین فسفاتاز، پروتئاز، لیپاز، آلفا آمیلاز، گلوتاتیون اس ترانسفراز و استراز در لارو‌های تیمار‌شده‌، اختلاف معنی‌داری را با شاهد نشان داد. نتایج حاضر بیانگر پتانسیل مناسب گیاه اسطوخودوس به‌عنوان یک حشره‌کش با منشأ گیاهی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Efficacy of essential oil of Lavandula angustifolia on mortality and physiological parameters of diamondback moth, Plutella xylustella (Lep.: Pyralidae)

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Nasr 1
  • J. Jalali Sendi 1
  • S. Moharramipour 2
  • A. Zibaee 1
1 Department of Plant protection, Faculty of Agricultural Science, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran.
2 Department of Entomology, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Efficacy of the essential oil of the plant species Lavandula angustifolia on the mortality, physiology and biochemistry of diamondback moth, Plutella xylustella L., was studied under laboratory conditions (24 ± 2ºC, 75 ± 5% R.H. and 16 L: 8 D hours). The LC10, LC30 and LC50 values of the essential oil were estimated as 0.0857%, 0.270% and 0.599% (V/V), respectively. The repellency effect for the LC10 and LC30 concentrations on third instar larvae were 19.2 ± 3.61 and 34.29 ± 4.87, respectively. The approximate digestibility (AD), efficiency of conversion of ingested food (ECI), efficiency of conversion of digested food (ECD), relative growth rate (RGR) and relative consumption rate (RCR) for the treated larvae in three days showed significant differences compared with the controls. The effectiveness of plant essential oils on digestive enzymes, total protein, triglycerides, alkaline phosphatase, protease, lipase, alfa amylase, glutathione S-transferase and esterase were also significantly different. Our finding suggests that the essential oil of L. angustifolia can be efficiently used as a botanical insecticide.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Lavandula angustifolia
  • essential oil
  • diamond back moth
  • Toxicity
  • physiological indices

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