پارامترهای جدول زندگی دوجنسی شب‌پرۀ مدیترانه‌ای آرد (Ephestia kuehniella (Lep.: Pyralidae روی ارقام مختلف جو و گندم

نویسندگان

گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکده‌ی کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل.

چکیده

در این تحقیق، پارامتر­های جدول زندگی دوجنسی(Zeller)  Ephestia kuehniella روی آرد هفت رقم جو (دشت، خرم، صحرا، ریحان 03، فجر 30، 5 شور و EH-83-7) و دو رقم گندم (بم و سپاهان) در دمای 1 ± 25 درجه سلسیوس، رطوبت نسبی 5 ± 65 درصد و دورۀ نوری 16 ساعت روشنایی و 8 ساعت تاریکی بررسی شد. کوتاه‌ترین طول دورۀ لاروی (69/0 ± 58/42 روز) روی رقم ریحان03و طولانی­ترین دوره (95/0 ± 42/53 روز) روی رقم EH-83-7 مشاهده شد. طولانی­ترین دورۀ رشدی قبل از بلوغ مربوط به رقم EH-83-7 (61/1  ±12/72 روز) و کوتاه­ترین آن مربوط به رقم ریحان 03 (87/0 ± 65/58 روز) و سپاهان (00/1  ±19/58 روز) بود. هم‌چنین بیش‌ترین و­ترین وزن شفیره به‌ترتیب روی رقم سپاهان (77/0  ±07/21 میلی­گرم) و رقم فجر30 (58/0  ±20/15 میلی­گرم) بود. بیش‌ترین نرخ ذاتی افزایش (00/0  ±07/0) روز و نرخ خالص تولیدمثل (89/1 ± 41/87 نتاج) روی رقم سپاهان و کم‌ترین نرخ ذاتی افزایش (00/0  ±037/0 روز) و نرخ خالص تولیدمثل (48/0 ± 29/12 نتاج) روی رقم دشت مشاهده شد. طبق نتایج به­دست آمده، رقم گندم سپاهان بهترین رقم برای پرورش آزمایشگاهی E. kuehniella است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Two-sex life table parameters of Mediterranean flour moth, Ephestia kuehniella (Zeller) (Lep.: Pyralidae) on different barley and wheat cultivars

نویسندگان [English]

  • B. Naseri
  • F. Bidar
Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agricultue and Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
چکیده [English]

In this study, two-sex life tableparameters of Ephestia kuehniella (Zeller) were studied on seven cultivars of barley (Dasht, Khorram, Sahra, Reihan03, Fajr30, 5shoor and EH-83-7) and two cultivars of wheat (Bam and Sepahan) at 25 ± 1 °C, 65 ± 5% R.H., and 16:8 (L: D) h. The shortest and the longest larval periods were recorded on Reihan03 (42.58 ± 0.69 days) and EH-83-7 (53.42 ± 0.95 days) cultivars respectively. The longest and the shortest developmental periods for E. kuehniella were found on EH-83-7 (72.12 ± 1.61 days) and on Sepahan (58.19 ± 1.00 days) cultivars respectively. The heaviest and lightest pupaewere observed on Sepahan (21.07 ± 0.77 mg) and Fajr30 (15.20 ± 0.58 mg) cultivars respectively. The intrinsic rate of increase and net reproductive rate were the highest (0.07 ± 0.00 day-1 and 87.41 ± 1.89 offspring, respectively) on Sepahan, and the lowest (0.037 ± 0.00 day-1 and 12.29 ± 0.48 offspring, respectively) on Dasht cultivars. The results indicate that Sepahan wheat cultivar is the most suitable cultivar for the laboratory rearing of E. kuehniella.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Mediterranean flour moth
  • Two-sex life table
  • barley and wheat cultivars

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