Study of the subfamily Ophioninae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) in southern Iran


1 گروه حشره‌شناسی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، صندوق پستی 336-14115، تهران، ایران.

2 موزه جانورشناسی، بخش علوم محیطی و تنوع زیستی، دانشگاه تورکو، تورکو، فنلاند.

3 گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران.


تحقیق حاضر جهت تعیین گونه­های زیرخانواده Ophioninae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) در بعضی قسمت­های جنوبی ایران (استان­های فارس و هرمزگان) انجام شد. نمونه­ها طی سال­های 1391-1392 با استفاده از تله­های مالیز، نوری و تور حشره­گیری در زیست‌گاه­های مختلف جمع‌آوری شدند. دوازده گونه متعلق به سه جنس (Enicospilus Stephens, 1835؛ Ophion Fabricius و Eremotylus Forster) شناسایی شدند که از بین آن­ها پنج گونه Enicospilus flavocephalus (Kirby)،E. merdarius (Holmgren) ، E. monostigmata (Vollenhoven)،  E. ramidulus (L.)و Eremotylus sibiricus Szépligeti برای فون ایران جدید هستند. این تحقیق تعداد اعضای زیرخانواده Ophioninae ایران را به 26 گونه و چهار جنس افزایش داد. کلید شناسایی جنس­ها و گونه­های این زیرخانواده از ایران ارائه می‌گردد.


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study of the subfamily Ophioninae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) in southern Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • A. Amiri 1
  • A. A. Talebi 1
  • R. Jussila 2
  • E. Rakhshani 3
  • H. Hajiqanbar 1
1 Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, P. O. Box: 14115-336, Tehran, Iran.
2 Zoological Museum, Section of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
3 Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran.
چکیده [English]

A survey was conducted to study the fauna of the subfamily Ophioninae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) in southern Iranian provinces of Fars and Hormozgan. The specimens were collected using Malaise traps, light traps and sweep nets from a variety different habitats between 2011 and 2013. A total of twelve species of three genera (Enicospilus Stephens; Ophion Fabricius and Eremotylus Forster) were identified, of which the five species Enicospilus flavocephalus (Kirby), E. merdarius (Holmgren), E. monostigmata (Vollenhoven), E. ramidulus (L.) and Eremotylus sibiricus Szépligeti are newly recorded from Iran. This work raise the number of ophionines of Iran to 26 species and four genera. A key to the Iranian genera and species of Ophioninae is provided.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Fars
  • Hormozgan
  • Enicospilus
  • Ophion
  • Identification key
  • new record

Ameri, A., Talebi, A. A., Beyarslan, A., Kamali, K. & Rakhshani, E. (2014) Study of the genus Bracon Fabricius, 1804 (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) of southern Iran with description of a new species. Zootaxa 3754, 353-380.

Barahoei, H., Rakhshani, E. & Riedel, M. (2012) A checklist of Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea) from Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 8, 83-132.

Brock, J. P. (1982) A systematic study of the genus Ophion in Britain (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 125, 57-97.

Eady, R. D. (1968) Some illustrations of microsculpture in the hymenoptera. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London 43, 66-72.

Gauld, I. D. (1973) Notes on the British Ophionini (Hym; Ichneumonidae) including a provisional key to species. Entomologist’s Gazette 24, 55-65.

Gauld, I. D. (1977) A revision of the Ophioninae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) of Australia. Australian Journal of Zoology (Supplementary Series) 49, 1-112.

Gauld, I. D. (1979) An analysis of the classification of the Ophiongenus-group (Ichneumonidae). Systematic Entomology 5, 59-82.

Gauld, I. D. (1984) An Introduction to the Ichneumonidae of Australia. with a Contribution on the Metopiinae by M. G. Fitton. 413 pp. British Museum (Natural History), London.

Gauld, I. D. (1985) The phylogeny, classification and evolution of parasitic wasps of the subfamily Ophioninae (Ichneumonidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology 51, 61-185.

Gauld, I. D. (1988) A survey of the Ophioninae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) of tropical Mesoamerica with special reference to the fauna of Costa Rica. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology 57, 1-309.

Gauld, I. D. (1995) Ichneumonidae. pp. 390–431 in Hanson, P.E. & Gauld, I.D. (Eds), The Hymenoptera of Costa Rica, Oxford University Press, New York and The Natural History Museum, London, 893 pp.

Gauld, I. D. & Janzen, D. H. (2004) The systematics and biology of the Costa Rican species of parasitic wasps in the Thyreodon genus-group (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 141, 297-351.

Gauld, I. D. & Mitchell, P. A. (1978) The Taxonomy, Distribution and Host Preferences of African Parasitic Wasps of the Subfamily Ophioninae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). 287 pp. Commonwealth Institute of Entomology, Slough.

Gauld, I. D. & Mitchell, P. A. (1981) The Taxonomy, Distribution and Host Preferences of Indo-Papuan Parasitic Wasps of the Subfamily Ophioninae. 611 pp. Commonwealth Institute of Entomology, Slough.

Horstmann, K. (1981) Die paläarktischen Arten der Gattungen Eremotylus Förster, 1869, und Simophion Cushman, 1947 (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae). Entomofauna 2, 415-432.

Kasparyan, D. R. (1981) A guide to the insect of the European part of the USSR. Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae 11 Ctenopelmatinae, 12 Phrudinae, 13 Tersilochinae, 14 Cremastinae, 15 Campopleginae, 16 Ophioninae. (in Russian). Opred Faune SSSR3, 316-431.

Kolarov, J. & Ghahari, H. (2005) A catalogue of Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) from Iran. Linzer Biologische Beitrage 37, 503-532.

Masnadi, A., Jussila, R. & Riedel, M. (2010) The Iranian fauna of the subfamilies Acaenitinae, Banchinae, Campopleginae, Ophioninae and Tryphoninae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) with some new records. Entomologica Fennica21, 70-83.

Mohammadi-Khoramabadi, A. & Talebi, A. A. (2013) A study of the genus Orthocentrus (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae, Orthocentrinae) in Gilan and Tehran provinces of Iran, with first records of seven species and one subspecies. Applied Entomology and Phytopathology 80, 30-39.

Mohammadi-Khoramabadi, A., Talebi, A. A., & Zwakhals, K. (2013a) Study on Diplazontinae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) in north central Iran. Journal of Crop Protection 2, 241-261.

Mohammadi-Khoramabadi, A., Talebi, A. A., & Zwakhals, K. (2013b) A study of the subfamily Pimplinae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) in the north of Iran, with eleven new species records. Entomofauna 34, 29-56.

Mohammadi-Khoramabadi, A., Hesami, S. & Shafiei, S. (2016) A contribution to the knowledge of the fauna of Ichneumonidae in Rafsanjan county of Kerman province, Iran. Entomofauna 37, 453-468

Morley, C. (1912) A revision of the Ichneumonidae based on the collection in the British Museum (Natural History) with descriptions of new genera and species. Part I. Tribes Ophionides and Metopiides. 88 pp. British Museum, London.

Quicke, L. J. D. (2015) The Braconid and Ichneumonid parasitoid wasps. Biology, systematic, evolution and ecology. Metopiinae. 682pp. Wiley Blackwell.

Rohlfs, W. M. & Mack, T. P. (1985) Seasonal parasitism rates, host size, and adult emergence pattern of parasitoids of the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith), with emphasis on Ophion flavidus Brulle (Hymenoptera). Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 78, 217-220.

Shestakov, A. (1926) Ad cognitionem specierum tribus Ophionini. Konowia 5, 256-263.

Townes, H. (1969) The genera of Ichneumonidae, part 1. 300 pp. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute.

Townes, H. K. (1971) The genera of Ichneumonidae, Part 4.372 pp. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute.

Van Achterberg, K. (2009) Can Townes type Malaise traps be improved? Some recent developments. Entomologische Berichten 69, 129-135.

Viktorov, G. A. (1957) Species of the genus Enicospilus Stephens in USSR (in Russian with English summary). Entomologicheskoye Obozreniye 36, 179-210.

Yoder, M. J., Mikó, I., Seltmann, K. C., Bertone, M. A. & Deans, A. R. (2010) A gross anatomy ontology for Hymenoptera. PLoS ONE 5 (12), e15991. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0015991.

Yu, D. S., Van Achterberg, K. & Horstmann, K. (2012) World Ichneumonoidae 2011. Taxonomy, Biology, Morphology and Distribution. (CD-ROM) Taxapad. available from www.

Zarepour, A. R., Talebi, A. A. & Loni, S. (2008) Fauna of Ichneumonid wasps from Yazd, Iran. Journal of Entomological Research 2, 13-20.

Zarepour, A. R., Talebi, A. A. & Vafaei Shoushtari, R. (2009) Three new species records of Ichneumonid wasps (Hym; Ichneumonidae) from Yazd, Iran. Journal of Entomological Research 1, 67-77.