مطالعه سه جنس از گروه جنس Orthocentrus (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae, Orthocentrinae) در شمال ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل، انگلیسی

نویسندگان

1 Department of Entomology< Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, I. R. Iran.

2 Department of Entomology, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, I. R. Iran.

چکیده

زیرخانواده Orthocentrinae دربرگیرنده گروه متنوعی از زنبورهای پارازیتوئید ایکنئومونید می باشد. گونه­های سه جنس از گروه جنس Orthocentrus  (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae, Orthocentrinae) شامل Batakomacrus Kolarov، Plectiscus Gravenhorst و Stenomacrus Forster در شمال ایران مورد مطالعه قرار گرفت. در مجموع 855 فرد از سه جنس مذکور از استان­های البرز، تهران، قزوین، گیلان و مازندران با استفاده از تله مالیز در سال­های 1388 و 1389 جمع­آوری گردید. 9 گونه شامل Batakomacrus caudatus (Holmgren, 1858)،Plectiscus agilis (Holmgren, 1858)، P.minutus (Holmgren, 1858)، S.carbonariae Roman, 1939، S. curvicaudatus (Brischke, 1871)، S. deletus (Thomson, 1897)،S. exserens (Thomson, 1898)، S. merula (Gravenhorst, 1829) و S. minutissimus (Zetterstedt, 1838) برای اولین بار از ایران گزارش می­شوند. فنولوژی این گونه­ها، فراوانی فصلی، دوره ظهور افراد بالغ، پراکنش و تغییرات ارتفاعی آن در دو شیب شمالی و جنوبی رشته­کوه­های البرز فراهم گردید. داده­های این مطالعه نشان می­دهند که جنگل هیرکانی واقع در شیب­های شمالی رشته­کوه­های البرز از تنوع گونه­ای بالاتر و فراوانی بیشتر گونه­های گروه جنس Orthocentrus  نسبت به شیب­های جنوبی برخوردار است.

 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study of three genera of the Orthocentrus genus-group (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae, Orthocentrinae) in northern Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abbas Mohammadi-Khoramabadi 1
  • Ali Asghar Talebi 2
1 Department of Entomology< Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, I. R. Iran.
چکیده [English]

The subfamily Orthocentrinae comprises a diverse group of ichneumonid parasitoid wasps. The species of three genera of the Orthocentrus genus-group (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae, Orthocentrinae) was studied in northern Iran: Batakomacrus Kolarov, Plectiscus Gravenhorst and Stenomacrus Förster. A total of 847 specimens of these genera were collected from Alborz, Tehran, Qazvin, Gilan and Mazandaran provinces using Malaise traps during 2010-2011. Nine species including Batakomacrus caudatus (Holmgren, 1858), Plectiscus agilis (Holmgren, 1858), P. minutus (Holmgren, 1858), Stenomacrus carbonariae Roman, 1939, S. curvicaudatus (Brischke, 1871),         S. deletus (Thomson, 1897), S. exserens (Thomson, 1898), S. merula (Gravenhorst, 1829) and           S. minutissimus (Zetterstedt, 1838) are recorded for the first time from Iran. Their phenology, seasonal abundance, adult emergence period, distribution and altitudinal changes on two northern and southern slopes of the Alborz Mountains of Iran are provided. Our data showed that the Caspian Hyrcanian forests at the northern slope of the Alborz Mountains inhabit a more diverse and higher abundant community of Orthocentrus genus-group than the southern one.

 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Hyrcanian forests
  • distribution
  • Parasitoid
  • Taxonomy
  • new record

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