بررسی اثر ارقام گوجه‌فرنگی بر برخی از ویژگی‌های زیستی کرم میوه گوجه‌فرنگی Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner, 1808) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) در شرایط آزمایشگاهی

نوع مقاله: دومین کنگره بین‌المللی حشره شناسی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی ومنابع طبیعی خراسان رضوی

2 دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه گیاه پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه رازی کرمانشاه

4 بخش تحقیقات حشره شناسی کشاورزی، موسسه تحقیقات گیاه پزشکی کشور، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی

چکیده

طول دوره‌ی رشد ، وزن بدن و باروری کرم میوه گوجه فرنگی، Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) ، در شرایط آزمایشگاهی و در شرایط دمایی 1 ± 26 درجه سلسیوس، رطوبت نسبی10 ± 60 درصد و دوره نوری 16 ساعت روشنایی و 8 ساعت تاریکی روی ده رقم گوجه فرنگی (ارس، اترک، کورال، موبیل، ریوگرند هد، سیوند، سوپرچف، سوپر موبیل، سوپر کویین و سوپر اوربانا) مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. کوتاه ترین میانگین طول دوره لاروی روی رقم سوپرچف (94/0 ± 98/18 روز) و طولانی ترین آن در رقم سوپر کویین (32/0 ± 07/22 روز) به‌دست آمد. میانگین طول دوره رشدی مراحل نابالغ از 24/0 ± 62/37 روز در رقم سوپرچف تا 48/0 ± 69/42 روز در رقم سوپرکویین ثبت گردید. میانگین طول دوره شفیرگی از 32/0 ± 60/11 روز در رقم ارس تا 19/0 ± 19/13 روز در رقم سوپرکویین متفاوت بود. بیش‌ترین وزن شفیره در رقم ارس با 56/4 ± 323 میلی‌گرم و کم‌ترین آن در رقم سوپرکویین با 03/3 ± 83/200 میلی‌گرم ثبت شد. حداکثر و حداقل طول عمر حشره ماده به ترتیب در ارقام اترک (39/0 ± 78//14روز) و سوپرکویین (86/0 ± 77/12روز) مشاهده گردید. همچنین دامنه طول عمر حشر نر در ارقام مختلف از 20/0 ± 20/7 روز در رقم سوپرموبیل تا 17/0 ± 22/9 روز در رقم موبیل به‌دست آمد. میانگین تعداد تخم گذاشته شده توسط هر فرد ماده در ارقام مختلف متفاوت بود بطوریکه بیشترین آن در رقم کورال (15/21 ± 25/360 عدد) در مدت43/0 ± 83/8 روز و کمترین آن در رقم سوپرکویین (37/22 ± 68/160 عدد) در مدت 44/0 ± 35/8 روز مشاهده شد. می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که کورال و به دنبال آن ارس و سوپر چف ارقام مناسب و سوپر کویین و سوپر اوربانا ارقام نامناسبی برای رشد و نمو لاروهای H. armigera بودند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of different tomato cultivars on some biological characteristics of Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner, 1808) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) under lab conditions

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Jooyandeh 1
  • Naser Moeini-Naghadeh 2
  • Hassan Ali Vahedi 3
  • Ali Hosseini Gharalari 4
1 faculty member/Agricultural and natural resources Researches center of Khorasan Razavi
2 Department of Plant protection, Collge of Agriculture, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
3 Associate Professor of Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.
4 Agricultural Entomology Research Department, Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Development, body weight and reproduction of the tomato fruit worm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner), were studied at 26 ± 1°C; 60 ± 10 % RH and a light: dark cycle of 16:8 h on ten tomato cultivars: ‘Aras’, ‘Atrak’, ‘Korall’, ‘Mobil’, ‘Rio Grande Hed’, ‘Sivand’, ‘Super Chief’, ‘Super Mobil’, ‘Super Queen’ and ‘Super Urbana’ in the laboratory. The shortest larval duration was recorded on ‘Super Chief’ (18.98 ± 0.94 days) while the longest was seen on ‘Super Queen’(22.07 ± 0.32 days). The developmental time of immature stages ranged from 37.62 ± 0.24 days on ‘Super Chief’ to 42.69 ± 0.48 days on ‘Super Queen’. Pupal period ranged from 11.60 ± 0.32 days to 13.19 ± 0.15 days on ‘Aras’ and ‘Super Queen’, respectively.  Maximum pupal weight was 323.67 ± 4.56 mg on ‘Aras’ and was minimum on ‘Super Queen’ (200.83 ± 3.03 mg). The maximum and minimum female longevity was observed on ‘Atrak’ (14.78 ± 0.39 days) and ‘Super Queen’ (12.77 ± 0.86 days), respectively. The life time of males ranged from 7.20 ± 0.20 days on ‘Super Mobil’ to 9.22 ± 0.17 days on ‘Mobil’. The mean number of eggs deposited on different cultivars varied with 360.25 ± 21.15 eggs on ‘Korall’ in 8.83 ± 0.43 days and 160.68 ± 22.37 eggs on ‘Super Queen’ in 8.35 ± 0.44 days. It could be concluded that ‘Korall’, followed by ‘Aras’ and ‘Super Chief’ were suitable and ‘Super Queen’ and ‘Super Urbana’ were unsuitable cultivars for growth and development of H. armigera larvae.

 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Development period
  • Body weight
  • fecundity
  • tomato fruit worm
  • tomato

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