بررسی شاخص‌های تغذیه‌ای کرم میوه گوجه‌فرنگی ‌ Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner, 1808) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) روی‌ ده رقم گوجه‌فرنگی

نوع مقاله: دومین کنگره بین‌المللی حشره شناسی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی ومنابع طبیعی خراسان رضوی

2 دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه گیاه پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه رازی کرمانشاه

4 بخش تحقیقات حشره شناسی کشاورزی، موسسه تحقیقات گیاه پزشکی کشور، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی

چکیده

عملکرد تغذیه‌ای لارو (Helicoverpa armigera ( Hübner (مراحل لاروی چهارم، پنجم و ششم) با تغذیه از میوه سبز نارس ارقـام مختلـف گوجه فرنگی ( ارس، اترک، کورال، ریوگراند، موبیل، سیوند، سوپر موبیل، سوپر چف، سوپر کویین و سوپر اوربانا) تحت شرایط آزمایشگاهی دمای ۱±۲6 درجه سلسیوس، رطوبت نسبی 10±60 درصد و دوره نوری ۱۶ ساعت روشنایی و ۸ ساعت تاریکی بررسی شـد. بیـش‌ترین و کم‌تـرین مقادیر هضم شوندگی غذا (AD)  در لارو سن چهارم به ترتیب روی ارقام اترک (026/0 ±  239/98  درصد) و سوپرچف  (056/0 ±  733/95 درصد) بود. بیش‌ترین مقـادیر نرخ رشد نسبی (RGR) و نـرخ مـصرف نسبی (RCR) لارو سن پنجم در رقم موبیل به ترتیب با 038/0± 316/0 و 669/0 ± 369/7 میلی‌گرم بر میلی‌گرم بر روز ثبت شد. بیـش‌ترین مقدار هضم شوندگی غذا (AD)  در لارو سن ششم با 114/0 ± 264/96 درصد در رقم سوپرچف و کم ترین آن در رقم سوپرکویین به میزان 120/0 ± 349/92 درصد برآورد گردید. بالاترین مقدار بازدهی تبدیل غذای بلعیده شده (ECI) و بازدهی تبدیل غذای هضم شده  (ECD)مجموع سنین لاروی مربوط به رقم ریوگرند هد (به ترتیب با 093/0 ± 364/4 و 105/0 ± 593/4 درصد) و پایین‌ترین این مقادیر در رقم سوپر اوربانا (به ترتیب با 021/0 ± 034/3 و 022/0 ± 187/3 درصد) مشاهده شد. نتایج شاخص‌های تغذیه‌ای و تجزیه خوشه‌ای مشخص کرد که در بین ارقام مورد آزمایش، ارقام سیوند و سوپرکویین برای تغذیه H. armigera نامناسب بودند.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Nutritional indices and food utilization of tomato fruit worm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner, 1808) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on ten tomato cultivars

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Jooyandeh 1
  • Naser Moeini-Naghadeh 2
  • Hassan Ali Vahedi 3
  • Ali Hosseini Gharalari 4
1 faculty member/Agricultural and natural resources Researches center of Khorasan Razavi
2 Department of Plant protection, Collge of Agriculture, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
3 Associate Professor of Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.
4 Agricultural Entomology Research Department, Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Nutritional performance of the larval stages (fourth, fifth, and sixth instars) of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on unripe green fruit of ten tomato cultivars, including ‘Aras’, ‘Atrak’, ‘Korall’, ‘Mobil’, ‘Rio Grande Hed’, ‘Sivand’, ‘Super Chief’, ‘Super Mobil’, ‘Super Queen’ and ‘Super Urbana’, was studied at 26±1°C, 60±10% RH and a photoperiod of 16:8 L:D. Approximate digestibility values of the fourth instar larvae were highest (98.239±0.026%) and lowest (95.733±0.056%) on ‘Atrak’ and ‘Super Chief’, respectively. Fifth instar larvae fed on ‘Mobil’ showed the highest relative growth rate (RGR) and relative consumption rate (RCR) (0.316±0.038% and 7.369±0.669%, respectively). Approximate digestibility (AD) values of the sixth instar larvae were highest (96.264±0.114%) and lowest (92.349±0.120%) on ‘Super Chief’ and ‘Super Queen’, respectively. The highest ECI and ECD values of total larval instars (4th, 5th and 6th instars) was observed on ‘Rio Grande Hed’ (4.364±0.093% and 4.593±0.105%, respectively) and the lowest of both values was on ‘Super Urbana’ (3.034±0.021% and 3.187±0.022%, respectively).  The results of nutritional indices and the cluster analysis indicated that ‘Sivand’ and ‘Super Queen’ were unsuitable hosts for feeding of H. armigera among tested cultivars.

 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • nutritional indices
  • tomato fruit borer
  • Helicoverpa armigera
  • tomatocultivars

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