Compatibility of entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae with some pesticides

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود

2 دانشجوی فارغ التحصیل شده

3 هیات علمی- دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان

چکیده

قارچهای بیمارگر حشرات ممکن است به وسیله آفت­کش­های شیمیایی که برای مبارزه با آفات استفاده می­شوند، تحت تاثیر قرار گیرند. سازگاری قارچ­های Beauveria bassiana  و Metarhizium anisopliae با سه قارچ­کش و 16 حشره‌کش در آزمایشگاه مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفت. آفت­کش­ها در سه غلظت (غلظت میانگین، نصف و دو برابر غلظت میانگین) آزمایش شدند. نتایج آزمایش‌ها نشان داد که قارچ­کش­های مورد استفاده در هر سه غلظت با این قارچ­ها ناسازگار بوده و بازدارندگی کامل روی تندش، رشد میسلیومی، و اسپورزایی قارچ­ها داشتند. حشره­کش­ها به جز اسپینوساد، دلتامترین، ایمیداکلوپرید و آبامکتین در غلظت­های بالا ناسازگار بودند و یا بازدارندگی شدیدی بر روی رشد قارچ­ها داشتند. حشره­کش اسپینوساد در هر سه غلظت با قارچ­های B. bassiana و M. anisopliae سازگار بود. آبامکتین، ایمیداکلوپرید و دلتامترین در غلظت میانگین و نصف غلظت میانگین با B. bassiana و دلتامترین، آبامکتین و هگزافلومورون در نصف غلظت میانگین با  M. anisopliae سازگار بودند. بنابراین احتمالا بتوان بیان کرد که این چند آفت­کش­ نام‌برده شده با فرمولاسیون­ها و غلظت‌های مشخص در تحقیق حاضر  در صورت استفاده هم‌زمان با این دو قارچ­ بیمارگر حشرات در برنامه­های کنترل بیولوژیک، اثرات تداخلی روی قارچ نخواهند داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Compatibility of entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae with some pesticides

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Derakhshan Shadmehri 1
  • Somayeh Faraji 2
  • Ali Mehrvar 3
1 shahrood university of technology
چکیده [English]

Entomopathogenic fungi may be affected by pesticides used to protect crop plants. The in vitro compatibility of Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae with three fungicides and 16 insecticides was evaluated. The formulations of pesticides were tested in three concentrations (mean concentration (MC), half MC and twice the MC). All tested fungicides, at three concentrations, were incompatible with these two fungi and significantly inhibited fungal development, germination of spores and spore production. Insecticides, except for spinosad, deltametrin, imidachloprid and abamectin, were incompatible with these two fungi at high concentration and caused complete or strong inhibition of fungal development. The compatible insecticide with B. bassiana and M. anisopliae, at three concentrations, found to be spinosad. Abamectin, imidachloprid and deltametrin, however at half MC and MC were compatible with B. bassiana. Deltametrin, abamectin and hexafloron at half MC were compatible with M. anisopliae. We conclude that these pesticides with the defined formulations could be used with the entomopathogenic fungi in integrated pest management programs.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Beauveria
  • Metarhizium
  • compatibility
  • Pesticide
  • entomopathogenic fungus

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