اثر دما بر زیست‌شناسی مینوز برگ مرکبات، Phyllocnistis citrella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) در شرایط آزمایشگاهی

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل، انگلیسی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی سازمان پژوهشهای علمی و صنعتی ایران

2 عضو هیات علمی پژوهشگاه علوم و فنون هسته‌ای، پژوهشکده کشاورزی هسته‌ای، کرج، ایران

چکیده

مینوز برگ مرکبات، Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton، در سال­های اخیر به یک آفت جدی مرکبات به‌ویژه در نهالستان‌ها تبدیل شده‌است. در مطالعه کنونی زیست‌شناسی آفت در سه دمای 20، 27 و 35 درجه سلسیوس، رطوبت نسبی 10±70 درصد و دوره روشنایی 14 ساعت روی گیاهچه های پرتقال رقم والنسیا به عنوان میزبان بررسی شد. نتایج نشان دادند طول دوره جنینی از 22/6 روز در دمای 20 درجه سلسیوس به 18/2 روز در دمای 35 درجه سلسیوس کاهش یافت در حالی­که به طور معکوس با افزایش دما میزان تلفات از 7 به 21 درصد افزایش یافت. دوره لاروی در سه دمای مذکور به ترتیب 06/8، 26/5 و 14/4 روز و دوره شفیرگی به ترتیب 18/11، 86/6 و 03/5 روز برآورد شد. بیش­ترین مرگ و میر دوره لاروی و شفیرگی در دمای 35 درجه سلسیوس به ترتیب 4/11 و 8/15 درصد مشاهده شد. طول عمر حشرات کامل ماده و نر در دمای 20 درجه سلسیوس طولانی‌تر (به‌ترتیب 31/9 و 38/7 روز) و در دمای 35 درجه کوتاه­تر
(به ترتیب 38/5 و 31/4 روز) بود. بالاترین درصد ظهور حشرات کامل در دمای 27 درجه مشاهده شد (2/82 درصد در ماده‌ها و 5/84 درصد در حشرات نر). نسبت جنسی در دمای 20، 27 و 35 درجه سلسیوس به ترتیب 1: 2/1، 1: 4/1 و 1: 3/1 (نر: ماده) محاسبه شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of temperature on biology of Citrus Leafminer, Phyllocnistis citrella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) under lab conditions

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Atapour 1
  • Shiva Osouli 2
1 Institute of Agriculture, Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology (IROST), Tehran, Iran
2 Nuclear Agriculture school, Nuclear Science & Technology Research Institute, Karaj, Iran
چکیده [English]

Citrus leafminer, Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton, recently has become a serious pest in Iran, especially in citrus nurseries. This study was aimed to assess the effect of temperature on the biological parameters of the P. citrella at three constant temperatures: 20, 27 and 35°C, 70±10% RH, photoperiod of 14: 10 (L: D) and on seedlings of Citrus sinensis cultivar Valencia as host. Results showed significant reduction in incubation period from 6.22 at 20°C to 2.18 days at 35°C and adversely mortality increase from 7 to 21% at 20 and 35°C, respectively. Larval period was 8.06, 5.26 and 4.14 days and pupal period was 11.18, 6.86 and 5.03 days at 20, 27 and 35°C, respectively. The highest mortality in both larval and pupal periods was observed at 35°C (11.4 and 15.8%, respectively). Both females and males lived longer at 20°C (9.31 and 7.38 days) and shorter at 35°C (5.38 and 4.21 days, respectively). Moth emergence rate was the highest at 27°C (female: 82.2% and male: 84.5%). The sex ratio for the offspring was 1:1.2, 1:1.4 and 1:1.3 male: female at 20, 27 and 35 °C, respectively.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Citrus leaf miner
  • Phyllocnistis citrella
  • developmental time
  • mortality

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