امکان‌سنجی مناطق مناسب برای فعالیت و رهاسازی کفشدوزک Oenopia conglobata contaminata (Menteries) علیه شته‏ سبز انار Aphis punicae Passerini با استفاده از GIS در استان یزد

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل، فارسی

نویسندگان

1 گروه گیاه پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان

2 دانشجوی دکتری حشره‌شناسی دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان، تبریز، ایران

3 دانشجوی سابق کارشناسی ارشد دانشگاه شهید چمران، اهواز، ایران

4 دانشگاه ولی عصر رفسنجان

چکیده

کفشدوزک  Oenopia conglobata contaminata (Col.: Coccinelidae)یکی از شکارگرهای مهم گونه‌هایی از شته‌ها در باغ های ایران است. شته سبز انار،Aphis punicae Passerini (Hem.: Aphididae) عمومی‌ترین آفت درختان انار محسوب می‌گردد که در تمامی انارستان‌های کشور وجود دارد. در پهنه‌بندی مناطق مناسب برای رهاسازی کفشدوزک کروی،  O. conglobata عواملی مثل دما، میزان رطوبت نسبی، میزان بارندگی، ارتفاع و فراوانی طعمه به عنوان مهم‌ترین معیارهای تعیین پهنه­های مناسب برای رهاسازی کفشدوزک انتخاب شدند. بر اساس مدل فرایند تحلیل سلسله مراتبی(AHP)  و تشکیل پایگاه داده مکانی GIS تجزیه و تحلیل­های مربوط به مناطق مناسب برای رهاسازی کفشدوزک کرویO. conglobataانجام شد. نتایج پژوهش حاضر نشان داد که نزدیک به 32 درصد از مناطق استان از جمله بخش‌هایی از شهرستان‌های تفت، ابرکوه و مهریز کاملا مناسب برای رهاسازی کفشدوزک می‌باشند. دلایل آن می­تواند قرارگیری این باغ‌ها در حد فاصل ارتفاعات و دشت باشد که موجب تشدید اختلاف فشار و ایجادجریانات هوایی از کوه به دشت و برعکس می‌شود. همچنین نزدیک به 59 درصد از مناطق استان مانند قسمت عمده شهرستان اردکان، بهاباد و بافق کاملا نامناسب برای رهاسازی کفشدوزک شناخته شدند که از دلایل آن می‌توان به میانگین دما بسیار بالا و کمبود طعمه اشاره نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Feasibility of suitable regions for release of Oenopia conglobata contaminata (Menteries) against pomegranate green aphid Aphis punicae Passerini by using GIS in Yazd province

نویسندگان [English]

  • davoud mohammadi 1
  • Saeideh Sadat Fatemi 2
  • Alireza Aboi Ashkezari 3
  • MOHAMMAD AMIN SAMIH 4
1 department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Azarbaijan Shahaid Madani Uiniversity
2 Ph.D Student of Entomology, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran
3 Last MSc student of Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
4 4- Professor of Department of Plant Protection, Valie-Asr University, Rafsanjan, Iran
چکیده [English]

The ladybird, Oenopia conglobata contaminata is one of the important predators of some aphids in Iranian orchards. Pomegranate green aphid, Aphis punicae Passerini (Hem.: Aphididae) is the most common pests of pomegranate trees, existing in all pomegranate orchards in Iran. In order to determin the suitable areas for release of O. conglobata, the factors of temperature, humidity, rainfall, height, and prey frequency were selected as the most important criteria. Analysis of the data was carried out based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and the spatial geostatistical database of GIS. The results indicated that, nearly 32% of the province's regions, including some parts of Taft, Abarkuh and Mehriz, were perfectly suitable for release. The possible reasons are the position of the orchatds
between the highlands and the plains, causing intensify in pressure difference and createing air currents from the mountain to the plains and vice versa. Furthermore, nearly 59% of the province's areas, such as the major part of Ardakan, Bahabad and Bafgh, were determined as completely unsuitable for
release. The reasons might be the high average temperature and the lack of adequate prey.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • AHP
  • Aphis punicae
  • GIS
  • Pomegranate

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