زنبورهای پارازیتویید جنس (Encarsia Förster (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae حاشیه جنوبی دریای خزر

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل، انگلیسی

نویسندگان

1 موسسه تحقیقات گیاه پزشکی کشور

2 گروه گیاهپزشکی ، داتشکده علوم کشاورزی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت ، ایران

3 بخش تحقیقات رده‌بندی حشرات، موسسه تحقیقات گیاه‌پزشکی کشور، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، تهران.

چکیده

به منظور جمع‌آوری و شناسایی فون زنبورهای پارازیتویید متعلق به جنس  Förster Encarsia حاشیه جنوبی دریای خزر، مطالعاتی در فاصله سال‌های 95-1393 انجام شد. در این بررسی 12 گونه متعلق به این جنس جمع‌آوری و شناسایی شد که از این میان گونة Encarsia gennaroi Pedata & Giorgini, 2017 برای اولین بار از ایران گزارش می‌شود و شش گونه برای استان مازندران، سه گونه برای استان گلستان و دو گونه برای استان گیلان گزارش جدید هستند. همچنین، چندین گونة میزبان جدید برای این گروه از زنبورهای پارازیتوئید معرفی می‌شوند. علاوه‌براین، کلید شناسایی برای گونه­های جنس مادة Encarsia ارائه شده است. گونه‌های شناسایی شده شامل:E. aleurochitonis (Mercet, 1931) ، E. aurantii (Howard)، E. azimi Hayat، E. berlesei (Howard)، E. brimblecombei (Girault)، E. citrina (Craw)، E. fasciata (Malenotti)، E. formosa Gahan، E. gennaroi Pedata & Giorgini، E. inaron (Walker)، E. inquirenda (Silvestri) و E. lutea (Masi) هستند. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Parasitoid wasps of the genus Encarsia Förster (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) in the Southern part of the Caspian Sea

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nasrin Shahbazvar 1
  • Reza Hosseini 2
  • Shahab Manzari 3
  • masoumeh moghadam 3
1 Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran.
2 Department of Plant protection, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
3 Insect Taxonomy Research Department, Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, IRAN
چکیده [English]

A faunistic survey was carried out to study on parasitoid wasps of the genus Encarsia Förster in the southern part of the Caspian Sea during 2013-2016. In this study, 12 species of Encarsia were identified, of which Encarsia gennaroi Pedata & Giorgini, 2017 is newly recorded from Iran and six, three and two species are considered to be new records for the Mazandaran, Golestan and Guilan provinces, respectively. Several new host records for Encarsia species are also reported. Moreover, an identification key for the studied female specimens of Encarsia is provided. The identified Encarsia species are as follows: E. aleurochitonis (Mercet, 1931), E. aurantii (Howard), E. azimi Hayat,
E. berlesei (Howard), E. brimblecombei (Girault), E. citrina (Craw), E. fasciata (Malenotti), E. formosa Gahan, E. gennaroi Pedata & Giorgini, E. inaron (Walker), E. inquirenda (Silvestri), E. lutea (Masi).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Identification key
  • Taxonomy
  • Guilan
  • Mazandaran
  • Golestan provinces

Abolmasoumi, N., Talebi, A. A, Rakhshani, E. & Lotfalizadeh, H. (2009) Study on faunistic, biodiversity and host rates of (Hym.: Aphelinidae) in some parts of Markazi and Lorestan provinces, Iran. Journal of Entomological Research 2(1), 1-12

Ale-Mansoor, H. & Ahmadi, A. A. (1993) Natural enemies of cotton whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) in Fars province. Proceedings of 11st Iranian Plant Protection Congress. University of Shiraz, Shiraz, 106 pp

Basij, M., Abasipour, H., Lotfalizadeh, H. & Ranjbar, S. (2012) A new record of Aonidiella orientalis parasitoids in southern Kerman. Proceedings of 20th Iranian Plant Protection Congress, University of Shiraz, Shiraz, 96 pp

Behdad, E. (1988) Pests and diseases of forest trees and shrubs of Iran, 809 pp

Darsuei, R., Karimi, J. & Modarres Awal, M. (2011) First record of Aphelinus paramali Zehavi and Rosen 1989 (Hymenoptera, Aphelinidae), parasitoid of Aphis pomi de Geer (Hemiptera, Aphididae) in Iran, and its phylogenetic position based on sequence data of ITS2 and COI genes. Entomological Research 41, 194–200

Fallahzadeha, M., Japoshvili, G., Saghaei, N. & Daane, K. M. (2011) Natural enemies of Planococcus ficus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in Fars Province vineyards, Iran. Biocontrol Science and Technology 21(4), 427–433

Farahbakhsh, Gh. (1961) Checklist of Important insects and other enemies of plants and agricultural products in Iran. Ministry of Agriculture Resource. Extention service. Tehran. 44 pp

Gebiola, M., Monti, M. M., Johnson, R. C., Woolley, J. B., Hunter, M. S., Giorgini, M. & Pedata, P.A. (2017) A revision of the Encarsiella pergandiella species complex (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) shows cryptic diversity in parasitoids of whitefly pests. Systematic Entomology 42(1), 45-48

Habibian, A. (1983) Some studies on biological control of Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (Hom.: Diaspididae) in Guilan province. Proceedings of 7th Iranian Plant Protection Congress, University of Tehran, Karaj, 12 pp

Hayat, M. (1989) A revision of the species of Encarsia Förster (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) from India and the adjacent countries. Oriental Insect 23, 1-131

Heraty, J., Woolley, J. & Polaszek, A. (2007) Catalog of the Encarsia of the world pdf. http://cache.ucr.edu/~heraty/Encarsia.cat.pdf. 87 pp

Jamalomidi, A., Hosseini, R., Sahragard, A. & Hajizadeh, J. A. (2012) A faunal study on armored scales (Hem: Diaspididae) parasitoids on citrus trees in eastern part of Guilan province. Proceedings of 20th Iranian Plant Protection Congress, University of Shiraz, Shiraz, 217 pp

Karimian, Z. (2004) Identification of the most important parasitoids of Bemisia tabaci (Hom: Aleyrodidae) and determining the trend of parasitism in the cotton crop of Golestan province, Iran. Proceedings of 16th Iranian Plant Protection Congress, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, 51 pp

Kiriukhin, G. (1946) Les parasites du Chrysomphalus dictyospermi Morgan. Au nord de I Iran. Entomologie et Phytopathologie Appliquees 2, 4

Lachiani, P., & Ahmadi, A. A. (1993) The natural enemies of oriental yellow scale, Aonidiella orientalis (Newstead), in citrus orchards of Fars province. Proceedings of 11th Iranian Plant Protection Congress, University of Guilan, Rasht, 193 pp

Lotfalizadeh, H. (2000) New record of aphidophagous syrphid flies parasitoids (Dip.: Syrphidae) from Iran. Applied Entomology and Phytopathology 67(1&2), 25

Martin, J. H. (1987) An identification guide to common whitefly pest species of the world (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Tropical Pest Management 33, 298-322

McKenzie, H. L. (1956) The armored scale insects of California. Bulletin of California Insect Survey 5, 1-209

Minaeimoghadam, M., Shishehbor, P., & Askarianzadeh, A. (2012) Report of two parasitoid wasps on nymph of sugarcane whitely, Neomaskellia andropogonis Corbett (Hom: Aleyrodidae) in Khuzestan. Proceedings of 20th Iranian Plant Protection Congress, University of Shiraz. Shiraz, 48 pp

Modarres Awal, M. (1994) List of agricultural pests and their natural enemies in Iran. Ferdowsi University Press. 364 pp

Mustafayeva, G. A. (2016) Aphelinid wasps (Hymenoptera, Aphelinidae) –parasitoids of scale insects (Hemiptera, Diaspididae) in Azerbaijan. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(1), 692-696

Myartseva, S. N. (1996) Parasitoids (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea) of whiteflies (Homoptera, Aleyrodoidea) in Turkmenistan. Proceedings XX International Congress of Entomology, Firenze, Italy. 653 pp

Noyes, J. S. (2018) Universal Chalcidoidea Database Website[WWWdocument]. Available from: http://URL / entomology / chalcidoids/ index.html [accessed on 12 July 2018]

Ostadalidehaghi, H. (2000) A faunal study on Aphelinidae (Hym.: Chalcidoidea) parasitoids of Coccoidea (Homoptera) on citrus trees in Guilan Province. Master’s thesis. University of Guilan. Faculty of Agriculture Science. 153 pp

Polaszek, A. (1997) Whiteflies of economic importance and their natural enemies. (unpublished training handbook). Wallingford, CAB International

Rasekh, B., Hajizadeh, J., Barimani Varandi, H., Sadeghi, SE. & Ebrahimi, E. (2000) The efficiency of Aspidiotiphagus citrinus (Hym:Aphelinidae) parasitoid of conifer needle scale in natural Kelardasht condition. Proceedings of 14th Iranian Plant Protection Congress, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, 139 pp

Shahbazvar, N., Sahragard, A., Manzari, Sh., Hosseini, R., & Hajizadeh, J. (2010) A faunal study of whiteflies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) and their parasitoids in Guilan province, Iran. Entomofauna 31(17), 269–284

Whitfield, J. B. (1998) Phylogeny and evolution of host parasitoid interactions in Hymenoptera. Annual Review of Entomology 43, 129-151

Yasnosh, V. A. (1989) Species of the genus Encarsia Foerster (Hymenoptera, Aphelinidae) - parasites of aleyrodids in the USSR. Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta. Akademiya Nauk SSSR. 191, 114-116

Zarandian, A., Baral, H., Yavari, A. R., Jafari, H. R., Stork, N. E., Ling, M. A. & Amirnejad, H. (2016) Anthropogenic decline of ecosystem services threatens the integrity of the unique Hyrcanian (Caspian) forests in northern Iran. Forests 7(51), 1-27