بررسی بقای سفیدبالک نیشکر، (Neomaskellia andropogonis (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae روی دو رقم نیشکر تیمار شده با حشره‌کشهای مختلف

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل، انگلیسی

نویسندگان

1 گروه گیاهپزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز

2 گروه گیاه پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شهید چمران، اهواز، ایران.

3 گروه گیاه پزشکی، شرکت توسعه نیشکر و صنایع جانبی، واحد سلمان فارسی

چکیده

سفید بالک نیشکر، Neomaskellia andropogonis Corbett  یکی از آفات نسبتاً جدید در مزارع نیشکر ایران است. کنترل این آفت به ویژه زمانی که جمعیت آن به سطح طغیانی برسد دشوار است. به نظر می­رسد بکارگیری حشره­کش­های شیمیایی همراه با ارقام مقاوم بتواند جمعیت آفت را پس از رسیدن به سطح زیان اقتصادی به میزان قابل قبولی کاهش دهد. در این مطالعه، کارایی سه حشره­ کش با نحوه تاثیر متفاوت شامل دلتامترین، دینتفوران و اسپیرومسیفن روی درصد بقای مراحل مختلف زیستی سفیدبالک نیشکر روی رقم­ های IRC99-02 و CP69-1062 بررسی شد. در میان حشره ­کش­های مورد آزمایش، دلتامترین به طور معنی‌داری سمیت بیشتری روی حشرات بالغ N. andropogonis داشت و LC50 آن روی رقم­های IRC99-02 و CP69-1062 به ترتیب 39 و 62 پی­ پی ­ام بود. غلظت­ های بالای همه حشره­ کش­های مورد آزمایش به طور معنی‌داری نرخ تفریخ تخم، درصد بقای پوره­ها، شفیره­ ها و حشرات بالغ را نسبت به تیمار شاهد در هر دو رقم نیشکر کاهش دادند. در برخی موارد، رقم IRC99-02 مقاومت بیشتری به مراحل مختلف زیستی سفیدبالک نیشکر نسبت به CP69-1062 داشت. نتایج نشان داد که حشره­ کش­های مورد بررسی، با توجه به نحوی تاثیر متفاوت، می­توانند به صورت متناوب، همراه با ارقام مورد بررسی، در برنامة مدیریت تلفیقی سفید بالک نیشکر استفاده شوند. در هر حال به منظور تایید این یافته، انجام بررسی­های تکمیلی در ارتباط با ارزیابی میزان خطرات بوم شناختی و تعیین حداکثر مقدار مجاز باقیمانده سموم در محصول شکر ضروری است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study on survival of the sugarcane whitefly, Neomaskellia andropogonis (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) on two sugarcane varieties treated with different insecticides

نویسندگان [English]

  • Pegah Koohzad-Mohammadi 1
  • Masumeh Ziaee 2
  • Amin Nikpay 3
1 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz-Iran
2 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.
3 Department of Plant Protection, Sugarcane & By-products Development Company, Salman-Farsi Unit
چکیده [English]

Sugarcane whitefly, Neomaskellia andropogonis Corbett is one of the relatively new pests of sugarcane fields in Iran. Control of this pest is an arduous work if its populations reach outbreak level. It seems using chemical insecticides along with resistant varieties can reduce pest population to an acceptable level after reaching economic injury level. In this study, the efficacy of three insecticides with different mode of actions including; deltamethrin, dinotefuran, and spiromesifen was examined on survival percentage of different life stages of sugarcane whitefly on IRC99-02 and CP69-1062 varieties of sugarcane. Among evaluated insecticides, deltamethrin had the most toxic effect against the adults of N. andropogonis with LC50 values of 39 and 62 ppm on IRC99-02 and CP69-1062 varieties, respectively. The higher concentrations of all insecticides significantly decreased egg hatching rate, survival percentage of nymphs, pupae and adults on both sugarcane varieties. The results revealed that evaluated insecticides, considering their different mode of actions, can be used alternatively in integrated management of the sugarcane whitefly along with the mentioned sugarcane varieties. However, in order to confirm these findings, complementary experiments regarding ecological risk assessment and determination of insecticides MRLs in yield are necessary.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • deltamethrin
  • dinotefuran
  • spiromesifen
  • sugarcane whitefly
  • variety

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