گزارش‌های جدید از زنبورهای بذرخوار و پارازیتویید خانواده Eurytomidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) از ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل، انگلیسی

نویسندگان

1 گروه حشره شناسی و بیماری‌های گیاهی، پردیس ابوریحان، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

2 موسسه تحقیقات جنگل‌ها و مراتع کشور، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی ، تهران، ایران.

3 بخش تحقیقات گیاهپزشکی، مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان آذربایجان شرقی، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی ، تبریز، ایران.

4 مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان قم، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی ، قم، ایران.

5 موسسه جانور شناسی شمال‌هازن، آکادمی ملی علوم اوکراین، کیف، اوکراین.

چکیده

17 گونه از 3 جنس Bruchophagus Ashmead, 1888، Eurytoma Illiger, 1807 و  Systole Walker, 1832 (Hym.: Eurytomidae) از بذور 25 گونه گیاه در مراتع استان قم طی سال­های 1389 تا 1396 پرورش داده شدند. این گیاهان متعلق به تیره­هایAsteraceae ، Apiaceae،Fabaceae  وLamiaceae  بودند. شش گونه B. desertus Zerova, 1994،B. hippocrepidis Zerova, 1969 ،B. parvulus Zerova, 1994 ،B. platypterus (Walker, 1834)،E. dentata Mayr, 1878  و­­S. prangicola Zerova, 1972  برای اولین بار برای فون ایران گزارش می­شوند .این نمونه­ها از بذور 25 گونه گیاهی پرورش داده شدند که 6 گیاه، میزبان جدیدی برای این زنبور­ها می باشند. نتایج این تحقیق می‌تواند برای تهیه بذور سالم برای احیا گیاهان در مراتع ایران بکار رود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

New records of seed-feeding and parasitic chalcid wasps of the family Eurytomidae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea) from Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi Parsa 1
  • Hamid Adeli-Manesh 1
  • Seyed Ebrahim Sadeghi 2
  • Hossein Lotfalizadeh 3
  • Ayad Al-Sendi 1
  • Ali Mohammadpour 4
  • Marina Zerova 5
  • Victor Fursov 5
1 Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, College of Aboureihan, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
2 Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands of Iran, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran.
3 Plant Protection Research Department, Agricultural and Natural Resources Research & Education Center of East-Azerbaijan, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tabriz, Iran.
4 Agricultural and Natural Resources Research & Education Center of Qom, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Qom, Iran.
5 Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology, National Academy of Science of Ukraine (NAS), Kiev, Ukraine.
چکیده [English]

Seventeen species of three genera, Bruchophagus Ashmead, 1888; Eurytoma Illiger, 1807 and Systole Walker, 1832 (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae) were reared from 25 plant species collected in rangelands of Qom province in Iran during 2011–2017. Their host plants belong to 4 families: Asteracae, Apiaceae, Fabaceae and Lamiaceae. Six species, Bruchophagus desertus Zerova, 1994; B. hippocrepidis Zerova, 1969; B. parvulus Zerova, 1994; B. platypterus (Walker, 1834); Eurytoma dentate Mayr, 1878 and Systole prangicola Zerova, 1972 are first recorded from Iran. These species were obtained from 25 host plant species among which 6 (i.e. Bruchophagus desertus on Astragalus vanillae; B. parvulus on Trigonella monantha; Systole albipennis on Ferula gumosa, F. ovina and S. prangicola on Prangos acaulis, P. ferulacea seeds) are new host plants for these eurytomid species. Results of this study can be served for providing health seeds for plant regeneration in the rangelands of Iran.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Eurytomidae
  • Fauna
  • host plant
  • Iran
  • Qom
  • seed-feeder
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