بررسی اثرات کشندگی و زیرکشندگی سیترونلول و عصاره‏ چریش در کنترل کنه قرمز مرکبات، Panonychus citri

نوع مقاله : مقاله کامل، فارسی


گروه گیاه پزشکی، دانشکده علوم کشاورزی، دانشگاه گیلان


کنۀ قرمز مرکبات، Panonychus citri (McGregor) (Acari:Tetranychidae) یک آفت مهم گیاهی در مناطق کشت مرکبات جهان است. استفاده از آفت‏کش‏های شیمیایی با طیف اثر وسیع علیه این گونه و دیگر آفات در مناطق مرکبات‏کاری، این کنه را به یک آفت جدی در باغ‏‏های مرکبات در حاشیه دریای خزر درآورده است. اثرات کشندگی و زیرکشندگی دو ترکیب زیست‏سازگار سیترونلول و عصاره‏ی چریش روی مراحل مختلف زندگی کنۀ قرمز مرکبات با استفاده از روش برج پاشش مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که سیترونلول روی مرحله‏ تخم و عصاره‏ی چریش روی مرحله‏ی لاروی به ترتیب با LC50 معادل 55/245 و 94/666 میلی­گرم بر لیتر، سمیت بالایی داشتند. بررسی اثرات زیرکشندگی سیترونلول و عصاره‏ی چریش روی ماده‏های بالغ کنۀ قرمز مرکبات در مقایسه با شاهد باعث کاهش معنی‏دار باروری (1/0، 5/1 و 03/18 تخم به ازای هر ماده به ترتیب)، زادآوری (066/0، 07/1 و 17 تخم تفریخ شده به ترتیب) و طول عمر (43/5، 86/5 و 83/11 روز به ترتیب) شد. در کل نتایج نشان دهنده‏ی اثر مناسب ترکیبات سیترونلول و عصاره‏ی چریش در کنترل مراحل ابتدایی رشد کنۀ قرمز مرکبات با رویکرد حفاظت از محیط زیست بود. از این‏رو، می‏توان استفاده از این ترکیبات را در برنامه‏ی مدیریت مقاومت برای کنترل این کنه پیشنهاد کرد.



عنوان مقاله [English]

The investigation of lethal and sub-lethal effects of citronellol and neem extraction in control of red citrus mite, Panonychus citri (Acari: Tetranychidae)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Meysam Soleymani Karati
  • Mohammad Ghadamyari
  • Elaheh Shafiei Allavijeh
Department of Plant Protection, College of Agricultural Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
چکیده [English]

 Panonychus citri (McGregor) (Acari: Tetranychidae) is an important pest species in the citrus growing world. Due to broad spectrum chemical pesticides applied on citrus orchards pests, P. citri became an important citrus orchard pest in the north of Iran. In this study, lethal and sub-lethal effects of two biocompatible compounds, citronellol and neem extract, were investigated on different developmental stages of citrus red mite using the potter spray tower method. The results showed that citronellol and neem had high toxicity on egg and larval mite stages with LC50 values of 245.55 and 666.94 mg/L, respectively. The sub-lethal effects of citronellol and neem extract on adult citrus red mite in comparison control significantly reduced fecundity (0.1, 1.5 and 18.03 eggs/female, respectively), fertility (0.066, 1.07 and 17 hatched eggs/female, respectively) and longevity (5.43, 5.86 and 11.83 days, respectively). The results showed appropriate control effects of biomite® and neem extract against early growth stages of the citrus red mite with an environmental protection approach. Therefore, these compounds could be recommended in the program of resistance management of this pest.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sub-lethal effects
  • Fecundity
  • Botanical acaricides
  • Citrus red mite
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