کارایی روش‌های مختلف کنترل کرم ساقه‌خوار نواری برنج Chilo suppressalis (Lepidoptera: Grambidae) در شرایط تنش آبی در شالیزار

نوع مقاله : مقاله کامل، فارسی


1 موسسه تحقیقات برنج کشور، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، رشت، ایران

2 معاونت موسسه تحقیقات برنج کشور، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، آمل، ایران



کنترل کرم ساقه‌خوارنواری برنج در شالیزار نیازمند بهره گیری از تمام اجزای مدیریت تلفیقی آفات است. اجرای این شیوه‌ها در صورتی موثر است که مزرعه در شرایط طبیعی به لحاظ منابع آب قرار داشته باشد، اما در صورت بروز تنش خشکی، کدام یک از روش های مبارزه برای کنترل آفت موثرتر خواهند بود؟ برای پاسخ به این پرسش، پژوهش حاضر در موسسسه تحقیقات برنج کشور (رشت) طی سال‌های 1398 و 1399 ا نجام شد. در این پژوهش روش‌های مختلف آبیاری به عنوان عامل اصلی شامل غرقاب دائم (هر روزه) و آبیاری با فواصل 5 ، 10 و 15 روز و عامل فرعی روش‌های مختلف کنترل شامل،گرانولپاشی با  دیازینون G10%، محلولپاشی با  مایع فیپرونیل SC5%، کنترل بیولوژیک (رهاسازی زنبور تریکو گراما + کاربرد فرمولاسیون تجارتی باکتری باسیل(Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki) تلفیق روش‌ها (کنترل شیمیایی و کنترل بیولوژیک) و شاهد (فقط آب پاشی) بودند. نتایج این پژوهش نشان داد که کمترین خسارت آفت ساقه‌خوار نواری برنج در مرحله رویشی و زایشی گیاه برنج در تیمارهای آبیاری هر روزه و پنج روزه با استفاده تلفیقی از روش‌ها و همچنین روش گرانولپاشی در مزرعه آزمایشی بود. همچنین، نتایج بررسی‌ها طی دو سال آزمایش نشان داد که بیشترین عملکرد مربوط به آبیاری هر روزه و پنج روزه، مربوط به دو روش، تلفیقی از روش‌ها و بعد از آن روش گرانولپاشی بود. در آبیاری 10 و 15 روزه، بیشترین عملکرد در تیمارهای محلولپاشی و کنترل بیولوژیک مشاهده شد. بنا بر این براساس نتایج به دست آمده توصیه می‌شود در شرایط تنش آبی از کنترل بیولوژیک و محلولپاشی با یکی از حشره‌کش‌های مایع و مجاز برای کنترل آفت ساقه‌خوار استفاده شود.

چکیده تصویری

کارایی روش‌های مختلف کنترل کرم ساقه‌خوار نواری برنج Chilo suppressalis (Lepidoptera: Grambidae) در شرایط تنش آبی در شالیزار



عنوان مقاله [English]

Efficacy of different control methods of the rice striped stem borer Chilo suppressalis (Lepidoptera: Grambidae) under water stress conditions in paddy fields

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farzad Majidi-Shilsar 1
  • Mohamadreza Yazdani 1
  • Aliakbar Ebadi 1
  • Mehrdad Amooghli-Tabari 2
1 Rice Research Institute of Iran, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Rasht, Iran
2 Rice Research Institute of Iran, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Amol, Iran
چکیده [English]

The control of rice striped stem borer in paddy fields requires the use of all components of integrated pest management. The implementation of these methods is effective if the rice field is in natural conditions in terms of water resources, but in case of drought stress, which one of the methods will be more effective for pest control? In order to answer this question, the present research was carried out in the Rice Research Institute of Iran (Rasht) in 2019 and 2020. In this research, different irrigation methods as the main factor include permanent flooding (every day) and irrigation with intervals of 5, 10 and 15 days and the secondary factor is different control methods including granule application with G10% diazinon insecticide, spraying with fipronil SC5% insecticide, biological control (release of Trichogramma wasp + use of commercial formulation of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki), a combination of methods (chemical control and biological control) and control (only water spraying) were used. The results of this research showed that the least damage by the rice striped stem pest in the vegetative and reproductive stages of rice plants was in the daily and five-day irrigation treatments with the combined use of methods as well as the granule spraying method in the experimental field. Also, the results of the investigations during the two years of the experiment showed that the highest yield was related to irrigation every day and five days, related to two methods, a combination of methods and a granulation method. In 10- and 15-days’ irrigation, the highest yield was observed in foliar spraying and biological control treatments. Therefore, according to the obtained results, it is recommended to use biological control and foliar spraying with one of the confirmed liquid insecticides to control the rice striped stem borer pest in water stress conditions

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Pest management
  • Biocpntrol
  • Trichogramma
  • Bacillus thuringiensis
  • Drought
  • Irrigation methods

© 2024 by Author(s), Published by the Entomological Society of Iran

This Work is Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 International Public License

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